Kodi ndiyenera kuchita chiyani ndikalandira katemera wa COVID-19?

Ngakhale ambiri aife tikudikirira mwachidwi tsiku lomwe tingakonze nthawi yokumana ndi katemera wa COVID-19, tsikuli lingakhale loyambirira kuposa momwe mukuganizira. Bwanamkubwa Gavin Newsom (Gavin Newsom) adati kuyambira pa Epulo 15, anthu onse aku California azaka 16 kapena kupitilira apo amatha kupanga msonkhano wa katemera wa COVID-19-kuyambira pa Epulo 1, 50 ndi 50 wazaka. Anthu azaka zopitilira zaka azitha kupanga maimidwe mwachangu.

covid-19 vaccine
M'dziko lonselo, Purezidenti Biden adalengeza kuti wachikulire aliyense ku United States adzafunika kulandira katemera Meyi 1 isanakwane, "Cholinga ndikubweretsa United States kuti ifike pamagulu abwinobwino pa Julayi 4."
Poganizira zonsezi, mwina mungakhale mukuganiza kuti: mungatani mutalandira katemera wathunthu? Ndipo, mwina koposa zonse, simukuyenera kuchita chiyani?
Ndikofunika kudziwa kuti simudzatetezedwa ku coronavirus nthawi yomweyo katemera woyamba. Ndi chifukwa zimatenga thupi lanu kuti mupange ma antibodies ofunikira, omwe angakutetezeni ku COVID-19.
Malinga ndi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, mumawerengedwa kuti ndi "otetezedwa kwathunthu" komanso "otemera kwathunthu" milungu iwiri mutatenga katemera wa Pfizer BioNTech kapena Moderna COVID-19 kachiwirinso, kapena masabata awiri pambuyo pa mlingo umodzi wa Katemera "Johnson & Johnson (Johnson & Johnson / Janssen) katemera wa COVID-19.
Ndiye chitetezo chanu chinali bwanji izi zisanachitike? Kwa katemera wa Moderna ndi Pfizer-BioNTech, mlingo woyamba umakupatsani chitetezo chambiri kumatenda owopsa, ndipo gawo lachiwiri lidzakutengerani kumeneko. Kuphatikiza apo, akatswiri amakhulupirira kuti mlingo wachiwiri ukhoza kuwonjezera nthawi ya katemera.
Wachter adati masiku 14 atalandira katemera woyamba wa Moderna kapena Pfizer-BioNTech, mumatetezedwa ndi 80%. (Ngati mukufuna kulingalira zodumpha mlingo wachiwiri, kumbukirani kuti kuyeserera kwa katemera ndimiyeso iwiri, chifukwa chake kumvetsetsa kwathu za katemera kumadalira magawo awiri.)
Mlingo umodzi wa Johnson / Johnson umateteza 66% pakatha milungu iwiri. Pambuyo masiku 28, imatha kupewa matenda oopsa kapena owopsa ndi 85%. Werengani zambiri zamomwe chitetezo chimakhalira mukalandira katemera.
Dr. Peter adati: "Ndikofunikira kwambiri kudikirira patatha milungu iwiri kuchokera mu jakisoni womaliza, chifukwa sianthu onse omwe ali ofanana, ndipo ngakhale anthu ena amapeza phindu loyambilira popanga ma antibodies olimbana ndi mapuloteni otsekemera, sizo Izi sizowona kwa anthu ambiri. ” Chin-Hong, pulofesa wa zamankhwala komanso matenda opatsirana ku UCSF.
“Sitikudziwa yemwe angalandire mankhwalawa msanga. Chifukwa chake, nthawi yazenera yamasabata awiri imaperekedwa kwa aliyense pambuyo pa jakisoni womaliza, zomwe zimatipatsa chidaliro chokhala ngati anthu omwe ali m'mayesero azachipatala, "adatero.
Tsamba lalifupi: Patsani katemerayu nthawi yomwe amatenga kuti ateteze thupi lanu ku COVID-19. Muyenera kumwa mankhwalawo kwa milungu iwiri kuti mupeze katemerayu kwathunthu.
Malinga ndi CDC, ngakhale kafukufuku woyambirira wawonetsa kuti anthu omwe ali ndi katemera mokwanira sangatengere kachilombo koyambitsa matendawa, sikupitilirabe. Ichi ndichifukwa chake tikulankhula za anthu omwe ali ndi katemera omwe nthawi zina amafunikirabe kutenga njira zodzitetezera.
Dr. Chin-Hong adati: "Tsopano pali umboni wambiri wosonyeza kuti ndizosatheka kwa anthu omwe ali ndi katemera wathunthu omwe ali ndi katemera wathunthu kufalikira kwa anthu omwe sanalandire katemera. Komabe, mwayi wonsewu ndi wochepa kwambiri, "atero Dr. Chin-Hong. .
Chifukwa chake, monga zochitika zonse za mliri, ndibwino kuti muzisamala kuti muteteze anzanu, abale, komanso gulu lalikulu, ndikutsatira malangizo omwe ali pansipa.
Mtundu wachidulewu: Sitikudziwa ngati katemera wa COVID-19 angakutetezeni kufalitsa kachilomboka. Chifukwa chake, nthawi zina mumafunikabe kusamala.
CDC inanena kuti chiopsezo cha munthu amene ali ndi katemera wokwanira yemwe ali ndi COVID-19 ndi "chochepa" - koma zomwe muyenera kudziwa ndichizindikiro cha COVID-19.
Ngati mumakumana ndi munthu amene akumuganizira kapena kuti ali ndi COVID-19, koma mwalandira katemera ndipo mulibe zizindikilo zonga za COVID, simukuyenera kukhala kwayokha ndipo simukuyenera kukayezetsa matenda a coronavirus. CDC imanena kuti ndi chifukwa chakuti chiopsezo chotenga kachilombo ndi chochepa kwambiri.
Komabe, ngati mukuwululidwa ndikuwonetsa zizindikiro, CDC imati muyenera kudzipatula kwa ena ndikuwunika. Izi zikachitika, ndikofunikira kuti wothandizira zaumoyo wanu adziwe kuti mwalandira katemera wathunthu.
CDC imaperekanso chitsogozo chatsatanetsatane kwa anthu omwe ali ndi katemera wathunthu omwe amakhala kapena amagwira ntchito m'malo osonkhanirana kapena malo ogwirira ntchito kwambiri.
Mwachidule: chiopsezo chotenga COVID-19 mutalandira katemera wathunthu ndi chochepa, koma zindikirani zizindikilo.
Inde mungathe! Malangizo a ku US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) akuti omwe ali ndi katemera amatha kucheza m'nyumba ndi ena omwe ali ndi katemera wopanda maski kapena kutalikirana ndi anthu.
Mwachitsanzo, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) inati ngati mwalandira katemera mokwanira, "ndizokayikitsa kuti mungayitane anzanu omwe ali ndi katemera wathunthu kuti adzadye chakudya kunyumba kwanu."
Komabe, CDC ikulimbikitsabe anthu omwe ali ndi katemera wathunthu kuti adzasonkhanitse kumapeto kwina. Idati izi ndichifukwa choti "misonkhano yayikulu kapena yayikulu, komanso maphwando omwe amaphatikizapo omwe alibe katemera ochokera m'mabanja angapo" adzawonjezera chiopsezo chofalitsa COVID-19.
Dr. Chin-Hong anati: "Chiwerengerocho ndi chofunikira chifukwa ndi chiwerengero chabe cha mphuno ndi pakamwa pa anthu ochokera m'magulu osiyanasiyana omwe ali pachiwopsezo." “Mukakhala ndi anthu ambiri (otemera kapena osalandira katemera), m'pamenenso anthu ambiri sakulabadira katemerayu ndipo mwayi wake woti anthu atenge COVID ndi wochuluka. Chifukwa chake, awa ndi masewera owerengeka. ”
Ngati mwalandira katemera ndikupeza kuti mumakhala ndi misonkhano yambiri, CDC ikukulimbikitsani kuti mupitilize kugwiritsa ntchito njira zopewera za COVID-19, kuphatikiza pobisalira komanso kukhala kutali ndi anthu.
Mwachidule: ndi chiopsezo chochepa kuti munthu amene watemerayo apitirire kucheza ndi amene watemerayo, koma zipangitsa kuti phwandolo likhale laling'ono.
Malinga ndi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ngati inu (munthu wopezeka ndi katemera kwathunthu) mukupita kunyumba kwa munthu wopanda katemera, muyenera kumakawayendera m'nyumba komanso opanda chigoba. Mwanjira ina, bola ngati anthu omwe sanalandire katemera alibe chiopsezo chotenga COVID-19.
Ngakhale m'modzi mwa anthu omwe alibe katemera ndi gulu lomwe lili pachiwopsezo chachikulu, inu (munthu wopatsidwa katemera) mutha kuyendabe m'nyumba, bola mukamachita zinthu zodzitetezera ku COVID-19, monga kuvala masks olimba ndikusunga mtunda wa mamitala 6 , sankhani malo opumira mpweya wabwino ndikusamba m'manja. Ngati mukuyenderanso anthu opanda katemera ochokera m'mabanja angapo, malangizowa amagwiranso ntchito.
Ndipo, monga tanenera kale, ngati mukukhala ndi msonkhano wapakatikati kapena waukulu ndi anthu ambiri (ngakhale atalandira katemera kapena ayi), muyenera kupitiliza kusamala ndi COVID-19, monga kusamuka pagulu ndi chigoba.
Pali infographic yothandiza pamwamba pa CDC yomwe imalemba izi. Bwanji osasunga pafoni?
Mawu achidule: Ngati palibe amene ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu, mutha kucheza ndi banja lomwe silinalandire katemera, osavala chigoba kapena kukhala patali. Pali zinthu zina zofunika kuzimvera.
Posachedwa, zigawo zingapo za Bay Area zalowa nawo mtundu wa lalanje, kuwonetsa kuti chiwopsezo chotenga kachilombo ka coronavirus ndi "chapakati". Izi zikutanthauza kuti anthu amatha kubwerera kumalo owonetsera makanema, malo odyera, komanso malo olimbitsira thupi, ngakhale atalandira katemera kapena ayi, ngakhale ali ndi malo ochepa.

vaccine
Mwanjira ina, ngakhale mutalandira katemera mokwanira, muyenera kupitiliza kuchita zikhalidwe zaumoyo wa anthu, "kuphatikiza kuvala chophimba kumaso, kusunga thupi lanu mtunda (osachepera 6 mapazi), kupewa anthu, kupewa malo opanda mpweya wabwino, kutsokomola ndi kuyetsemula", ndipo Sambani m'manja nthawi zambiri. "Malinga ndi chitsogozo cha CDC.
Tsamba lalifupi: ngati ndi lotseguka, ndiye kuti mutha kupita! Komabe, popeza sitikutsimikiza kuti anthu obayidwa katemera sangafalitse COVID-19, tiyenera kuyesetsabe njira zothetsera ma virus, monga kuvala masks ndi distancing.
Pakadali pano, CDC sinasinthe kalozera wawo wamaulendo. Dipatimenti Yachipatala yaku California ilangizabe anthu kuti asayende mtunda wopitilira 120 mamailosi pokhapokha ngati ali ndi cholinga chofunikira.
CDPH imaletsanso makamaka alendo kuti aziyenda kapena kuyenda maulendo, chifukwa chake muyenera kudikirira kuti mupange tchuthi mpaka malangizo a boma asinthe.
A Chin-Hong aku University of California, San Francisco ati chifukwa chomwe CDC sinaperekere chitsogozo chapaulendo chatsopano ndichotheka kukhala chotheka - chifukwa mutha kukumana ndi anthu ambiri omwe ali ndi katemera komanso opanda katemera poyenda-ndipo tanthauzo lophiphiritsa.
Anati: "Pakati pa miliri yosiyanasiyana ku United States, safuna kulimbikitsa kuyenda." "Chifukwa maulendo ndi maulendo akhala akugwirizana ndi maopareshoni am'mbuyomu ku United States, akuyembekeza… osalimbikitsa izi munthawi yovuta imeneyi. Ntchito yabwino. ”


Nthawi yamakalata: Mar-29-2021